Friday, June 26, 2020

Responding To Senecas On Liberal Education In Reading World - 550 Words

Responding To Seneca's On Liberal Education In Reading The World (Essay Sample) Content: Student:Professor:Unit:Date:Liberal EducationIntroduction The terms free society and liberal education arise from the same source, the classic notion that human beings should and can rule themselves and that the rule is in everyones personal power. A free society is composed of those who do rule themselves first before imposing their ruling on others. Since the establishment of higher education institutions, the core principle has been to equip students into becoming good citizens. It is still believed that higher education is set to prepare good citizenship in each student attending the university systems. First, it is without doubt that a good citizen must be an educated member of the society. In higher learning institutions, students are taught their curriculum of choice and in addition, they are taught social sciences, mathematics, humanities and history in order to build all-rounded individuals with understanding and exposure to a number of disciplinary areas in life. Such exposure is built with the aim of creating students who not only thrive in professionalism but also have the virtues of good citizenship (Newman John 12). Education is essential in the function of a free society thus, colleges and universities should prepare people to be good citizens. Many higher learning institutions focus on teaching civility within each department, more so during the first years of admission. This is an initiative which strives to teach students how to practice kindness, civil behavior and free thinking approaches in real life issues. Schools should focus on holding seminars where students are exposed to group discussions and debates on national issues. Additionally, the education system should focus on producing analytical citizens. They expose students to reading and listening skills that enable them view various occurrences in life between the existing thin lines (Armenta Richard 2). Such skills ensure production of citizens who are able to make sense of the issues of national importance and also to make accurate inference in cases of emergency decision making.Education system is the central point within which citizens can openly and accurately learn the importance of participating in national and international forums and activities. Through education, students can be taught and exposed to community involvement and voting activities. Community involvement of the students is normally achieved through student clubs, volunteer work and conducting of fundraisers (Mehrens Patrik 3). Such activities produce students who are loyal and giving to the community and this forms a critical part of citizenship. Creation of students governing bodies whose members are elected into office by fellow students is another way in which the education system helps create good citizenship. Such elections teach students the need to have a voice in their governing bodies and as such, they end up taking national elections seriously (Nussbaum Martha 292). Participation in national decisions through elections and referendums form an integral part of a good citizen.The education system also encourages social activities such as symposiums and sports which are important in making of good citizenship. These activities promote team spirit, concern for others, coordination and cooperation. The personality and character of the educators are essential in instilling good citizenship in students. Teachers who continuously make conscience efforts to relat...

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Effects Of Gendered Clothing On Women s Dress

Power in Gendered Clothing Every day, we wake up, and we dress ourselves. The act of dressing is often very thought out, making sure to match colors and patterns, dress for the season, and of course, we must choose the right shoes. With something that we do every day and spend a lot of time thinking about, how much do we really understand about our dress? As dress is the first message we send to those around us about who we are, what and we identify with, our gender, our career type, social status, or the types of activities we participate in, it is important to understand one simple question, why do we dress the way we do? Who made the rules for how a woman should dress, how a man should dress, and when do we learn these rules? I am going to discuss one aspect of our dress which I find to be perhaps the most important, children’s dress. The reason it is crucial to understand children’s dress is because we learn and create our first ideas about gender as kids. When parents dress their children, t hey are sending important messages to their kids that continue with them throughout their lives. Understanding just how big of a role the market plays, as well as parents, and young children themselves, can help outline the power dynamics that are set up in society, and allow us to understand why we dress the way we do. To begin exploring gendered clothing in children, it is important to look at the past. Did girls always wear pink, and did boys wear blue? Was the gap between whatShow MoreRelatedA Book By Anthony Greenwald And Mahzarin Banaji : Hidden Biases Of Good People1218 Words   |  5 Pagesthan to white people, or matching women to more domestic jobs and men to more business related jobs. Although this may show what people think automatically, is it a test of what we truly believe or what we’ve been taught? If we’ve spent our entire lives surrounded by the idea that blue is more masculine and pink is more feminine, or the roles of men and women in the workforce, how can we break that cycle of conditioning? Gender roles are an idea that men and women have certain duties, jobs, clothesRead MoreReflective Assessment : Being That I Am A Sociology Major1470 Words   |  6 Pagesconcerns both women and men. Primarily, I will discuss Judith Butlers ‘performativity’ and explain how females and males gendered roles are performed naturally. Furthermore, Simone de Beauvoir’s novel, The Second Sex hugely became an influential book, which involves sexuality, family, workplace, and reproductive rights and she distinguishes sex and gender and states that gender is gradually acquired. Lastly, I will discuss Germaine Greer’s interesting opinion on transgendered women. I believe itRead MoreGender Roles Of Men And Women Have Been Present In Society1418 Words   |  6 PagesGender roles of men and women have been present in society for a number of years, and the traditional roles have stuck through all the cultural changes. What about the people who do not identify themselves with their born gender but, instead another? How are they affected by how society sees them for not conforming to the traditional gender roles? Transgender people are faced with many judgements from their community based on how they identify themselves, their actions and how they express themselvesRead MoreThe Social Construction Of Black Female Sexuality1411 Words   |  6 PagesPrimarily, Judith Butlers ‘performativity’ explains how ‘females’ and ‘males’ gendered roles are performed naturally through a routinely stylized behavior and how gender exist only because it is being acted out and performed. Furthermore, Simone de Beauvoirâ€⠄¢s, The Second Sex hugely became an influential book during the second wave feminism, which involved sexuality, family, workplace, reproductive rights, etc. In her book, women are perceived as the â€Å"other,† as a default sex. She distinguishes sex andRead MoreThe Ugly Truth: An Examination of Stereotypes in Media Essay examples1945 Words   |  8 Pagesfemininity and masculinity and very. It comes as no surprise that these two characters were chosen to play the parts of Abby and Michael within The Ugly Truth. The Ugly Truth displays a lot of stereotypes of men and women or what is expected to be masculine and feminine. According to Gendered Live: Communication, Gender, and Culture by Julia Wood, â€Å"A stereotype is a generalization about an entire class of phenomena based on some knowledge of some members of the class† (Wood, 2011, 122). StereotypesRead MoreTiny Traditions Essay examples3720 Words   |  15 Pagesare heard and witnessed on a day-to-day basi s that all children, especially infants and toddlers, are susceptible to. Toddlers and infants will recognize what defines girls and boys because of their exposure to gender as seen through the uses of gendered words, like â€Å"he† and â€Å"she†, or their toys, like dolls for girls and trucks for boys. Society can recognize that daycare centers are an area that sparks gender socialization at a young age and is perpetuated through the childs interaction withRead MoreSocial Media And Its Effects On Children, Adolescents, And Adults1637 Words   |  7 Pagesgender is represented in the Native American culture. It was first recorded by Spanish conquistador Caeza de Vaca, who wrote about observing the Coahuiltecan Indians, in what today is Southern Texas, in 1530. de Vaca wrote about men who dressed as women and who engaged in women’s behaviors and work. In some Native American cultures, those individuals who took on different gender appearance and roles were believed to possess supernatural powers and this afforded them special ceremonies. In other NativeRead MoreThe Ugly Truth By Gerard Butler And Katherine Heigl1963 Words   |  8 PagesAlthough romantic comedies are made purely for their entertainment value, the ridiculous nature and message that is presented in them can h ave a significant effect on our culture. One film specifically, which was released in 2009, displays many particular stereotypes and gender issues which can be found within American society. Gender is made up of socially constructed ideas which are reinforced by society in regards to what it means to be masculine or feminine. Within American society, the mediaRead MoreEssay on The Social Construction of Gender1511 Words   |  7 Pagesperson into society if they acted feminine. For human beings there is no essential femaleness and maleness, femininity or masculinity, womanhood, or manhood, but once gender is ascribed, the social order constructs and holds individuals to strongly gendered norms and expectations. Individuals may vary on many of the components of gender any may shift genders temporarily or permanently, but they must fit into the limited number of gender statuses their society recognizes.? (Lorber, Night To His Day:Read MoreThe Role Of Women During The American Societ y2107 Words   |  9 PagesSociological Research Paper The role of women in the American society Throughout this paper I will be discussing the role of women in the American society. I will reference the importance of gender and gender inequality. The definition of gender aims to clarify for of all the historical framework of the topic, the role of women in the American society. The paper will lead from the role women were given around World War II and then transition into the role women can now choose in the American society

Monday, May 18, 2020

Water Filtration Systems And Its Effect On The Environment

With the rising popularity of bottled water, which at that time was a billion dollar business, the sales of Clorox’s company Brita water filtration systems began to decrease. Instead of being defeated by this, Clorox saw an opportunity to reposition its Brita brand as a â€Å"green† product to replace plastic bottled water, which was causing landfills to become clogged. By using Brita water filtration systems instead of bottled water, consumers would prevent millions of empty bottles each year from being dumped into landfills and Clorox saw this as an opportunity to revive the fast dying Brita brand. By conducting a successful marketing campaign, which promoted the green attributes of its water filtration system, educating customer about bottle waste and its affects on the environment, and encouraging them to switch to the Brita brand, sales of Brita water filtration system began to rise. To get consumers excited about the product and involved in the bottle â€Å"sa ving† process, the company created a website called FilterForGood which allowed consumers to pledge that they would reduce waste by switching to Brita. It also totaled the amount of bottles saved so that consumers could see how they were saving the environment and encourage them keep on using the Brita water filtration system. As Brita’s filter cartridges also had to be replaced every few months, a recycling solution had to be developed. To dispose of these filters, the company then formed a partnership with PreserveShow MoreRelatedEssay on What ´s a Grey Water System?744 Words   |  3 Pagestimes we are slowly decreasing our water supply, so that in later years there will be a water supply shortage. In the past centuries, mostly in the last few decades, humans have been using an abundance of water and therefore increasing the risk of water of shortages. Now, humans are using even more water and so we have had to discover ways to reduce our water usage. There are different solutions to this problem including just overall using less water, and using water conserving devices (shower headsRead MoreBackground Information On Drinking Water Treatment1274 Words   |  6 PagesBackground Information Microbiological parameters in drinking water treatment include enteric protozoa, bacteria, virus, etc. Cryptosporidium, being a type of enteric protozoa, has caused several outbreaks in the last century. Cryptosporidiosis is the human disease caused by cryptosporidium infection, of which major symptoms are watery diarrhea, stomach pains or cramps and low fever. Between 1974 and 2001, there have been 12 outbreaks that are attributable to cryptosporidium in Canada.4 Between 1984Read MoreThe Problem Of Plastic Water Bottles872 Words   |  4 Pagescanyon with your family and seeing plastic water bottles over the viewing area of such a beautiful place? Well thats what happened to me in 2012. Now Imagine 8 football fields thickly filled with water bottles, thats how many water bottles are thrown away every 5 minutes in the U. S. It is important for you to know the facts about plastic water bottles and some of the alternatives available, because it is destroying our planet and our health. Plastic water bottles are one of the major causes of globalRead MoreA Experiment On Oil, Vinegar, And Laundry Detergent1677 Words   |  7 Pageshypothesis that oil, vinegar, and laundry detergent contaminates the water’s texture, context, and appearance that create a disruption in the water cycle, nutrient, and chemicals that effect an ecosystem by disrupting the tropic levels which is essential for survival in living and nonliving organism based on the observation to the solution’s content and the filtration process in experiment A that is noted in Table A. The results in beaker 2 8 in Table A display by observation disruption in texture,Read MoreConserve Green Space Essay1220 Words   |  5 Pagesprogressive over the years and just want to keep building and expanding. However, they forget to take care o f the planet they are building on. They forget that we need to conserve green space as it provides many ecosystem services such as water filtration and air filtration. They also provide many other ecosystem services such as tourism, a space for peace and calm and solemnity, and a certain aesthetic that it provides. These green areas are also important because one of their biggest ecosystem servicesRead MoreDesalination : The Primary Source Of Drinking Water Essay1646 Words   |  7 PagesIII 2 March 2016 â€Æ' Lyndsey Parnell Mrs. O’Sullivan English III 2 March 2016 Desalination Imagine a world where seawater is the primary source of drinking water for almost all countries. This water could provide towns and cities with safe, regulation-abiding nourishment, equipped with all the minerals and purifiers added to modern drinking water. Of course, drinking straight seawater day after day would not only taste unpleasant, it would be harmful to a person’s body. The briny mixture would haveRead MoreAbiotic Factors Of The Pond As A Seed And Nutrient Trap1343 Words   |  6 Pagesbetween land and aquatic streams, ponds or rivers is called the riparian zone. Any plant communities associated with water are considered to be riparian areas, they are essential in cleansing the environment using the natural body of water. At Springbrook National Park in-between the camp sites and forests they have established a minor filtration system in effort to replicate the effects of a riparian zone in a man-made pond. The hypothesis simply states that many abiotic factors obs truct the effectivenessRead MoreHardness And What Impact Does It Have On Water Quality849 Words   |  4 Pageshave on water quality? Hardness is the amount of dissolved calcium and magnesium in the water. Hardness impacts on water quality throughout the aesthetic acceptability by consumers (meaning the concentration of the calcium and magnesium and other dissolved solids are measureable by the consumers). In addition to, economic and operational considerations (which is controllable throughout the treatment or blending in public drinking water), hard water tends to leave scale deposition in the water distributionRead MoreSynthesis Of Organic Compounds : Synthesis862 Words   |  4 Pagessynthesized from salicylic acid using acetic anhydride. The sodium salt was initially prescribed for its antipyretic and analgesic effects, but the salt was too irritating to the stomach, so a phenyl ester version was developed as a replacement. The esterified version passed successfully through the acidic stomach without irritation. It was hydrolyzed in the basic environment of the intestines, producing poisonous phenol. To avoid this problem, acetylsalicylic acid, where an ether is instead formed byRead MoreTypes Of Transport Within A Cell1219 Words   |  5 PagesThere are many different types of transport within a cell that can end up being very complex. On the outside of the cell is the plasma membrane that protects it from the outside environment. The plasma membrane is very picky about what it allows through it. It wants to let in oxygen and nutrients, but keep out harmful bacteria. It also wants to keep in the proteins and nutrients that are already in the membrane. Because of this property, the plasma membrane is called a selectively permeable membrane

Friday, May 15, 2020

I Am Who They Are - 880 Words

To Be Who They Are â€Å"Oh! You wrote your name!† I exclaimed. â€Å"Did Ms. Michelle teach you to do that?† â€Å"No,† my oldest daughter replied, â€Å"Julie and Eden know how to do it, so I wanted to do it too.† At four years old, she had taught herself to write her name on her very first day of preschool. Her father had been right; she was just as precocious as the amazing little kid he had seen on TV. But I was right too: she would do these things when she was good and ready, and not a moment sooner. That was 17 years and hundreds of library books ago, and that preschooler is now a college student. In the years in between my family has grown to include two good-for-nothing cats, a 17 year old son, a 27 year old stepdaughter, and a two year old whose life has almost nothing in common with her sister’s at that age. Although my instinct had told me not to pressure my oldest to read and write, it was there that my parenting wisdom ended. By th e time my oldest reached third grade, she was entering her fifth school. I had searched the city over, interviewing, visiting. I knew what I wanted to see and had become an expert at looking for it. I was bound and determined to find the perfect school for her. She knew all her colors by age two. Not only did she know them all in English, she knew them in Spanish too, a language we did not speak at home. I had taught them to her, because I knew how easily the brain absorbs language at an early age. I taught her and taught her andShow MoreRelatedWho Am Who I Am792 Words   |  4 Pagesidentity? I have an identity and I know when I got it too, because I will never forget these moments in my life. I live in a world where people don’t see me for me, only what they want to see or what they hear. A black man always put down by the white race, and told to shoot for the stars by the black race. I found no comfort in either race and I was put down by both races. I was the one wh o told myself to rise, I learned that the only person who wants you to succeed is yourself. I am nothing likeRead MoreWho I Am I? Essay1710 Words   |  7 Pages Who am I? It is funny you should ask because I was just asking myself the same question. How would I define myself In a culture that seems to so easily attach a label to someone or quickly place people into a category? How would I be able to make you understand my place in the world, or my relationship to the world that surrounds me? If I want you to understand and see the â€Å"real me† and how I fit into the big picture, I would have to do an immense amount of soul searching. I would have to chooseRead MoreWho I Am A? Essay1423 Words   |  6 Pagesplanet who I have not met yet, and over 180 countries I have not visited. Yet I am stuck in this insignificant town, being pressured into making decisions about my future when I barely know who I am. People may think that I have nothing to be sad about, and I should feel happy. But if you look more closely at my life, at the little details, that’s where it all went wrong. I feel bad for feeling like this because I have people I love, I have nice parents and friends, but when I’m alone, I have nothingRead MoreWho Am I1356 Words   |  6 PagesCreed I believe in the forgiveness of sins. I had been saying it for several years before I asked myself why it was in the Creed. At first sight it seems hardly worth putting in. If one is a Christian, I thought of course one believes in the forgiveness of sins. It goes without saying. But the people who compiled the Creed apparently thought that this was a part of our belief which we needed to be reminded of every time we went to church. And I have begun to see that, as far as I am concernedRead MoreWho I Am I?802 Words   |  4 PagesWho am I? I ask myself that all the time it’s starting to sound like a broken record in my head. Well I will start with my name, my name is Kaleab F. Debebe. Kale-ab Ethiopian name meaning word of God. In Amharic â€Å"Kale† means word and â€Å"ab† means God. My mother got my name in a dream and I was born on the morning of Ethiopian Christmas. I am that kid his father left at the age of six month and act though that not having a father figure growing up did not affect me. I am that Ethiopian boy who leftRead MoreWho Am I?786 Words   |  4 Pageserases it. She is stuck as the room moves on. All is not well. As a child, I didn’t understand what it meant to be â€Å"Korean.† Everything simply was as it is. No questions arise because no one cared if you held a Caucasian, African American, Hispanic, or Asian background. We were children and if you created a sword out of a stick, you gained acceptance. It wasn’t until my middle school years that I noticed a change. Suddenly, I became aware of the wall between others and myself. It appeared at timesRead MoreWho I Am I?931 Words   |  4 PagesWho Am I? When confronted with the question â€Å"who am I,† I thought long and hard. Although the answer is as simple as â€Å"I am Anaam Haji,† but who I really am is a question that I pondered over for hours. I was born on October 17, 1999 in the great state of Georgia. My parents migrated to the United States in 1997 to flee the civil war that had broken out in Somalia in the earlier half of the decade. My parents came to America with my five older siblings, and in 1998 gave birth to my sister AliyaRead MoreWho I Am I?895 Words   |  4 PagesWho am I? Where am I going? How will I get there? As we go through the journey of figuring out who we are; our likes and dislikes. We find many new facts about ourselves. Figuring out who we are help us figure out where we want to go in life. As we identify the path we want to take we start to set goals, which not only affect us but also those around us. We set different types of goals for ourselves; short and long term goals. The short term goals we set help us reach our long term goal becauseRead MoreWho I Am I?1732 Words   |  7 PagesWHO AM I? Have you ever wondered why you act a certain way or why you react to certain things differently then those who surround you? I have always believed that I was different but what exactly makes me different is what intrigues me. According to the United States Census Bureau there are 7 billion people living on the earth. The personalities of these 7 billion people are all different. Everyone holds personality traits that define who he or she is. But before we begin to define who I am letsRead MoreWho I Am I?1472 Words   |  6 PagesWho I Am I am someone who loves the culture that I came from. I am one hundred percent Lebanese and I wouldn t change it for the world. Although I was born in the U.S., I wish someday that I could visit Lebanon to learn more about where I came from. Being Lebanese has made me the person that I am today and it has impacted my life greatly. I did a little research to find out all that I could about my family s history. I spoke with my Grandmother on my dad s side who told me that her mother was

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Fragile Ecological Existence Of The U.s. Southwest

The fragile ecological existence of the U.S. Southwest is complicated by the presence of endangered migratory species who naturally move across our borders, including gray wolves and jaguars. The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 entrenched social rules regarding immigration and border security installed through the Illegal Immigration Act and Immigrant Responsibility Act. This and the Real ID Act allow border patrol to further diminish chances of survival for endangered species, by granting waivers of the Endangered Species Act and NEPA, in order to secure our borders. This is an analysis of the complex social needs coinciding with decisions regarding border activity along the U.S.-Mexico border, specifically the Arizona portion†¦show more content†¦Even if the lands are protected, they are not safe from the ecological burden of protecting our borders. Due to changes in legislation the Border Patrol Agency is exempt from stringent environmental laws. This is true in a ny of the areas surrounding the border, and they are looking to expand the radius of exemption, to better protect our borders. The Defenders of Wildlife, the Sierra Club, and the Northern Jaguar Project are looking to reinstall a social rule which the United States already implemented with the Endangered Species Act. This legislation created the social rule that no species should be forced into extinction due to human activities. Riders on the Illegal Immigration Act and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 and the Real ID act of 2005 allowed this social rule to become obsolete. Social rules changes in favor of the environment occur when the public is largely in support for saving the environment. However this support can be splintered by another need of the country especially when the opposing discourse has a crisis wave to ride. This case shows how the issue of border security triumphs environmental needs due to the pertinence of immigration reform along with the crisis impact cau sed by the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Theory: Environmentally beneficial social rule changes occur when the public is in favor of protecting the environment, the task delegated to

Conflicts in Elizabeth Stuart Phelps The Angel Over the...

Conflicts in Elizabeth Stuart Phelps The Angel Over the Right Shoulder The Angel Over the Right Shoulder is fascinating because of the conflict it uncovers between a womans need to fulfill her domestic role and her need to develop as an individual. The story was published in 1852, when the American people were struggling with the role of women in society. The author, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, introduces two opposing possibilities for this role. One is the woman whose entire being revolves around her domestic sphere and who has no individual identity. The other is an individual who, although fulfilling the role of mother and wife, takes time to cultivate and develop her own interests and person. This essay will focus†¦show more content†¦Men were aggressive, exploitive, materialistic, physical, unchaste, impious, and mobile; women were pious, pure, selfless, delicate, domestic, nurturant, passive, conservative (Melder 7). The adjective listed that relates most closely to Phelps story is selfless. A woman dedicating her entire being to her family and abandoning any chance to develop her individuality is certainly exhibiting the utmost selflessness. This is exactly what Phelps gives the reader as one option of the new definition of the role of women in society. This selflessness includes the womans always acting on behalf of her family, caring for them in every possible way without stopping to consider whether she believes her actions are benefiting those involved. She is asked to have blind faith that all deeds done on behalf of the family are, by definition, beneficial to society as a whole. This concept fits very well into the ideas that were evolving through social changes of the early 19th century. The feminist movement which had recently begun held firmly to the idea that women were vital through their interactions with the family and their influences upon the new generations. Womans crowning glory was motherhood: in the bearing, nursing, and rearing of her offspring she could most fully carry our the responsibilities of her appropriate sphere, (Melder, 9). This implies that womenShow MoreRelatedNora Helmer and Women in American Literature2063 Words   |  9 Pagessocial issues of women in society. Henrik Ibsen uses Nora Helmer in A Doll House to portray the negative treatment of all women throughout society during the nineteenth century. Many women characters throughout American literature reflect the same conflicts and attitudes of Nora in Ibsen s play A Doll House. br brThe role of a woman was inferior to that of a man, especially in marriages. The main duties of a woman were centered around the home. They were expected to fulfill their domestic dutiesRead More Nora Helmer And Women In American Literature Essay1939 Words   |  8 Pagessocial issues of women in society. Henrik Ibsen uses Nora Helmer in A Doll House to portray the negative treatment of all women throughout society during the nineteenth century. Many women characters throughout American literature reflect the same conflicts and attitudes of Nora in Ibsens play A Doll House. The role of a woman was inferior to that of a man, especially in marriages. The main duties of a woman were centered around the home. They were expected to fulfill their domestic duties, such asRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesCredits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on the appropriate page within text. Copyright  © 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form

Human Body In Western Art Essay Example For Students

Human Body In Western Art Essay Representation of the human body in Western art has changed greatly over the course of time. Beginning with the Egyptians, the human form has progressed and has been depicted in various ways throughout the many different stylistic periods. Three stylistic periods which have represented the human form in similar, yet different, ways include the Egyptian, Classical Greek, and Renaissance periods. Three examples of such art from these periods include the statue of Khafre, Polykleitoss Doryphorus, and Donatellos David. In Egypt, statues fulfilled an important function in the tombs. Sculptors created these images of the deceased to serve as abodies for the ka should the mummies be destroyed. The seated statue of Khafre (2520-2494 BCE), was carved for the pharaohs valley temple near the Great Sphinx. Khafre is shown with a well-developed, flawless body and a perfect face. These characteristics do not portray his actual age and appearance. The divine ruler wears a simple kilt and sits stiff, upright in the throne. He is shown with a royal false beard fastened to his chin and wears a nemes headdress with the uraeus cobra of kingship on the front. This statue, as well as other representations of the pharaohs, were not intended to be true portrays. They served the purpose of showing the godlike nature of Egyptian kings. This seated pose, with its rigidity, was created by the sculptor to last for eternity, resembling the timelessness of the afterlife. One of the most frequently copied Greek statues in Western art was Polykleitoss Doryphorus. The Doryphorus (450-440 BCE), epitomizes the intellectual rigor of High Classical statuary design. Polykleitos aimed to create a statue that imposed order on human movement. He achieved this through a system of cross balance of the figures various parts.